There are many common conditions that may affect the colon. Common conditions affecting the colon that may require surgery include but are not limited to: diverticulosis, diverticulitis, colonic volvulus, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease, colonic polyps or colon cancer.
To diagnose your colon condition, your surgeon or doctor will take a careful medical history, perform a thorough physical evaluation and do one or more diagnostic tests. After the evaluation, a treatment plan will be made to control your condition. Diagnostic tests such as barium enema or colonoscopy may be used to pinpoint the problem. Imaging tests such as CT scans may also be done for further evaluation.
If you suffer from a benign condition and if your symptoms do not improve with nonsurgical treatment, surgery may be required. This may be done through open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In some severe cases of infection or bleeding, even obstruction, emergency surgery may be necessary.
If you have been diagnosed with colon cancer, more tests may be performed prior to surgery to assur ethat the cancer has not spread. Tests may include a chest x-ray, CT scan and blood tests. After these tests have been performed, surgery is done to remove the cancerous portion of the colon. Treatment post-operatively may include radiation or chemotherapy.